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32 Interesting Facts about Kazakhstan: Business, Culture, Food

(Last Updated On: December 23, 2023)

What are some of the interesting facts about Kazakhstan? The people of Kazakhstan are known for their hospitality and warmth. Traditional nomadic customs still influence their way of life, and family plays a central role in Kazakh society. The cuisine is a delightful fusion of flavors, featuring dishes like beshbarmak (boiled meat with noodles) and plov (pilaf). The economy of Kazakhstan has evolved rapidly since gaining independence from the Soviet Union. Rich in natural resources, particularly oil and gas, the nation has experienced economic growth. Astana, the capital, and Almaty, the largest city, serve as economic hubs with a growing emphasis on technology and innovation. In this article, I am going to talk about some interesting facts about Kazakhstan.

Interesting Facts about Kazakhstan: Business, Culture, Food

Law and order are maintained through a well-established legal system. The country places a strong emphasis on ensuring safety and security for its citizens and visitors. Travelers can explore the diverse attractions, including the Charyn Canyon, Lake Balkhash, and the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, a UNESCO World Heritage site. The dress in Kazakhstan is a mix of modern and traditional styles. While urban areas see a Western influence, traditional Kazakh clothing, adorned with intricate embroidery, is still worn during special occasions. Here are some interesting facts about Kazakhstan:

1. Ancient Nomadic Heritage in Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, a vast expanse of land with a rich history, has been the home of nomadic peoples for centuries. The echoes of their ancient existence resonate through the ages, leaving an indelible mark on the landscape. Among the treasures unearthed, a staggering collection of over 5,000 petroglyphs, and intricate rock carvings, unveils a narrative dating back to around 2000 BC. This historical tapestry is woven into the very fabric of Kazakhstan’s UNESCO-listed site of Tamgaly, where time seems to stand still, and the whispers of the nomads still linger.

2. The Mongol Conquest and Genghis Khan’s Legacy

In the annals of Kazakhstan’s tumultuous history, a significant chapter unfolds with the invasion by Genghis Khan and his formidable Mongol tribes. The years between 1219 and 1224 witnessed a seismic shift as the nomadic landscapes were shaken by the thunderous hooves of Mongol warriors. This invasion, an intriguing facet among Kazakhstan’s facts, left an enduring imprint on the cultural and social tapestry of the region. Genghis Khan’s legacy echoes through the ages, an indomitable force that shaped the destiny of this vast expanse.

3. Russian Domination and Kazakhstan’s Evolution

The 18th century ushered in a new era for Kazakhstan as the sprawling landscapes fell under the dominion of Russia. A complex interplay of geopolitical forces shaped the destiny of this nomadic land. By 1920, Kazakhstan had metamorphosed into an integral part of the emerging Soviet Union. The winds of change swept across its boundless plains, leaving behind a mosaic of cultures, languages, and traditions. The imprint of Russian influence is etched into the very soul of Kazakhstan, a testament to the intricate dance of history and power.

4. Fusion into the Soviet Union

The early 20th century witnessed the culmination of Kazakhstan’s intricate historical dance as it seamlessly became a pivotal part of the burgeoning Soviet Union. The geopolitical chessboard saw the integration of Kazakhstan into the socialist tapestry of nations. The echoes of this transformative period reverberate through the decades, shaping the identity of Kazakhstan in ways profound and lasting. The once nomadic heartland had now become a piece on the global chessboard, forever marked by the twists and turns of its historical narrative.

5. Akhal-Teke Horses: A Historical Equestrian Legacy in Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, a pioneer among Central Asian nations, holds a unique distinction as one of the first countries, alongside Turkmenistan, to cultivate the Akhal-Teke horse in 1930. This particular breed stands as a living testament to the rich history of domesticated equines, tracing its roots back over 3,000 years. These majestic creatures, renowned for their exceptional endurance, played pivotal roles in the conquests of historical figures such as Persian King Darius I, the legendary Alexander the Great, and the formidable Genghis Khan.

6. Kumis Alu: A Test of Skill and Velocity

Embedded in the fabric of Kazakh horsemanship is the time-honored tradition known as “kumis alu” or “Pick up the Coin.” This demanding test of equestrian skill challenges riders to gallop at breakneck speeds while simultaneously retrieving a silver coin from the unforgiving terrain. It’s a challenge that echoes through history, finding favor even in the eyes of the great Alexander the Great, adding a layer of cultural depth to the significance of this intricate test of horsemanship.

7. The Vast Tapestry of Kazakhstan: A Geographical Marvel

Kazakhstan, a sprawling and landlocked expanse in the heart of Central Asia, captivates with its sheer magnitude and diversity. Stretching across the vastness of the region, it boasts the distinction of having a section of its Ural River flowing into Europe. This geographical feature not only underscores the immense scale of Kazakhstan but also serves as a reminder of its multifaceted connection to both the Asian and European landscapes. The intricate interplay of rivers and borders adds a layer of complexity to the nation’s geographic tapestry, making it a truly fascinating entity on the world map.

8. Kazakhstan’s Caspian Naval Power

Nestled amidst the vast expanses of Central Asia, Kazakhstan, a seemingly landlocked nation, defies expectations with a surprising claim to naval prowess. The source of this unexpected maritime influence lies in its strategic position along the shores of the Caspian Sea. Despite lacking direct access to the world’s oceans, Kazakhstan has harnessed the resources and opportunities offered by the Caspian, emerging as an unexpected naval force in a region typically associated with land-based power dynamics.

The Caspian Sea, often overlooked in global naval discussions, plays a pivotal role in Kazakhstan’s geopolitical strategy. This inland body of water, bordered by five countries including Kazakhstan, transforms the nation’s perceived landlocked status into a strategic advantage. With its navy operating within the Caspian Sea, Kazakhstan establishes itself as a regional player capable of exerting influence beyond its terrestrial boundaries. This unexpected fusion of land and naval capabilities adds a layer of complexity to Kazakhstan’s geopolitical identity, challenging conventional perceptions of maritime power.

9. Baikonur Cosmodrome: Kazakhstan’s Cosmic Gateway

Kazakhstan, a land not only of terrestrial surprises but also celestial wonders, hosts the Baikonur Cosmodrome. This iconic space launch facility stands as a testament to the nation’s deep-rooted involvement in space exploration. Nestled within the vast steppes of the Central Asian landscape, the Baikonur Cosmodrome holds the prestigious title of being the world’s oldest and largest operational space launch facility. Its significance transcends national borders, serving as a launchpad for international missions, and fostering collaboration in the exploration of the cosmos.

The Baikonur Cosmodrome represents a convergence of cutting-edge technology, international cooperation, and Kazakhstan’s commitment to advancing human understanding of the universe. Its sprawling infrastructure and towering launch pads symbolize the nation’s contributions to space exploration, encapsulating a realm that extends far beyond its terrestrial boundaries. In the heart of the Central Asian steppes, Kazakhstan propels itself into the cosmic frontier, weaving a narrative that intertwines its earthly landscapes with the boundless expanse of outer space.

10. Karakija: Kazakhstan’s Depth of Geography

Diving into the geographical intricacies of Kazakhstan, one encounters Karakija, a place that stands as a testament to the country’s diverse topography. Situated at a remarkable depth of 132 meters below sea level, Karakija claims the title of the lowest-positioned place in the nation. This geographical anomaly, nestled within the vast expanse of Kazakhstan, adds a layer of complexity to the country’s landscape, challenging the notion of uniformity in its terrain.

Karakija’s low elevation becomes a geographical enigma, inviting exploration into the forces that shaped this unique topographical feature. The interplay of geological processes and the intricate dance of natural forces converge to create a landscape that defies expectations. In the depths of Karakija, Kazakhstan’s topography unfolds in layers, revealing a narrative of geological richness that extends beyond the surface. This lowest point becomes a symbolic gateway into the geological wonders that lie beneath, offering a glimpse into the diverse and multifaceted nature of Kazakhstan’s terrain.

11. Inhabitant Density and Regional Demographics

Kazakhstan, a vast expanse of diverse landscapes and sprawling territories, boasts a unique demographic characteristic with an inhabitant density standing at a mere 7 individuals per square kilometer. This sparse distribution of population is a defining feature of the nation’s geography, emphasizing the vastness of its expanses. Inhabitants are scattered across the expansive terrain, creating pockets of habitation that punctuate the otherwise wide-open spaces. This demographic pattern not only shapes the social fabric but also influences the accessibility and development of various regions within the country.

12. Political Dominance of Nursultan Nazarbayev

In the aftermath of gaining independence, Kazakhstan found itself under the enduring sway of a singular political figure — Nursultan Nazarbayev. This period of uninterrupted dominance persisted for nearly three decades, shaping the nation’s political landscape and policies. Nazarbayev’s influence was both pervasive and enduring, marking a chapter in Kazakh history defined by the singular leadership of a president who played a pivotal role in the trajectory of the country.

13. Culinary Peculiarities: Horsemeat and Caviar

Kazakhstan, with its rich cultural tapestry, boasts a distinctive culinary identity, where horsemeat takes center stage. Embedded in the very fabric of Kazakh cuisine, horsemeat transcends mere sustenance to become a symbol of tradition and identity. The culinary uniqueness extends beyond borders, as exemplified by the Kazakh Olympic team’s unconventional move to transport their horsemeat to the grand stage of the London 2012 Olympic Games.

This quirky gesture not only showcased national pride but also underscored the profound cultural significance attached to this unconventional delicacy. Moreover, the infusion of luxury is evident in the importation of Caspian Sea caviar, adding a touch of opulence to Kazakhstan’s gastronomic landscape.

14. Tragedy in the Steppes: Saiga Antelope Mass Die-Off

In the vast expanse of the Kazakh steppes, tragedy struck in 2015, casting a dark shadow over the region’s biodiversity. A mysterious and devastating illness swept through the population of critically endangered saiga antelope, leading to a staggering loss of 200,000 individuals. This mass die-off, shrouded in mystery, reverberated globally, leaving a mere remnant of approximately 100,000 saiga antelope struggling for survival. The repercussions of this ecological catastrophe transcend borders, serving as a poignant reminder of the delicate balance within the natural world and the fragility of endangered species.

15. Meteorological Extremes in Turkistan

Turkistan, a city steeped in history and culture within the tapestry of Kazakhstan, stands out not only for its rich heritage but also for being the site of an extraordinary meteorological occurrence. Recorded in the annals of Kazakhstan’s climatic history is the staggering fact that Turkistan experienced the highest temperature ever documented in the country — a scorching 49.1 degrees Celsius. This meteorological feat not only underscores the city’s significance but also serves as a testament to the climatic diversity that characterizes Kazakhstan. Turkistan, a melting pot of cultural heritage, thus shares its space on the map with the exceptional record of being the bearer of Kazakhstan’s highest recorded temperature.

Interesting Facts about Kazakhstan: Business, Culture, Food

16. Astana: A Hub of Contrasts

Nestled gracefully within the heart of Kazakhstan, the capital city, Astana, emerges as a sprawling metropolis, encompassing an expansive space of 279 square miles or 722 square kilometers. A testament to its vibrant existence, the city pulsates with life, hosting a diverse population that numbered 835,153 as of the year 2014. This demographic mosaic reflects the city’s dynamic character, where cultures converge and intertwine, shaping Astana into a melting pot of traditions and modernity.

17. Linguistic Quirk: Astana, the Capital City

Unveiling a linguistic idiosyncrasy, the name ‘Astana’ carries within it a subtle revelation—translating to ‘Capital City’ in Kazakh. This linguistic nuance lends the city an air of significance, embodying its role as the political and cultural epicenter of Kazakhstan. This tidbit of information not only reflects the linguistic richness of the region but also serves as a fascinating gateway into the cultural tapestry that is woven into the very fabric of Astana.

18. Varied Topography: A Tapestry of Nature’s Diversity

Astana’s geographical tapestry is a mesmerizing blend of contrasts, a canvas painted with strokes of diverse terrains. As one traverses this urban expanse, the topography unfolds like a story—flat lowlands stretching to the horizon, embracing the city with a sense of openness, gradually giving way to the breathtaking drama of towering mountains. The landscape, adorned with an arid desert, adds yet another layer to this natural spectacle, creating a harmonious coexistence of the starkly contrasting elements.

19. Kazakhstan’s Enigmatic Landscape: From Plains to Peaks

Delving into the geographic complexity of Astana, one is confronted with a landscape that oscillates between the enchanting simplicity of flat lowlands and the majestic grandeur of formidable mountains. The plains, stretching across the cityscape, provide a sense of expansiveness, inviting exploration and contemplation. In stark contrast, the mountains stand as silent sentinels, their peaks reaching toward the heavens, casting shadows that tell tales of resilience and timelessness. The juxtaposition of these terrains transforms Astana into a place where nature’s dichotomies harmonize in a visually striking dance.

20. Desolation and Beauty: The Arid Desert Landscape

Adding a touch of enigma to Astana’s natural portfolio is the presence of an arid desert, a testament to the tenacious endurance of life in harsh environments. The desert, with its vast stretches of sandy solitude, stands as a symbol of resilience, where life finds a way to adapt and thrive against the odds. Astana, in its entirety, becomes a metaphorical oasis, with the desert playing a paradoxical role—both isolating and connecting, a silent witness to the eons of transformation that have shaped this land.

21. Kazakhstan’s Capital Transformation

In a symbolic gesture of reverence and political tribute, Kazakhstan underwent a notable change in nomenclature by renaming its capital city from Astana to Nur-Sultan. This monumental decision was made in honor of the esteemed Nur-Sultan Nazarbayev, who gracefully concluded his influential leadership at the age of 78 in 2019. This renaming act not only signifies a change in geographical titles but serves as a testament to the historical and political legacy woven into the fabric of the nation’s identity.

22. Culinary Delights of Kazakhstan

Delving into the rich tapestry of Kazakhstan’s culinary heritage, one encounters the allure of Kymyz—a popular beverage crafted from fermented mare’s milk. This mildly alcoholic concoction holds a cherished place in the hearts of locals and visitors alike, offering a taste that transcends mere refreshment. Adding a unique touch to the beverage scene, Shubat, another intriguing creation, is available for those seeking a distinctive experience. Crafted from fermented camel’s milk, Shubat provides a unique and culturally resonant option for those exploring Kazakhstan’s gastronomic wonders.

23. The Orchard of Origins

In the realm of botanical heritage, Kazakhstan emerges as a pivotal player, particularly in the genesis of a globally beloved fruit—the apple. As scientific exploration delves into the roots of this ubiquitous fruit, it is widely believed that Kazakhstan served as the cradle of apple cultivation. The city of Almaty, with its name translating to ‘father of apples’ in Kazakh, has long laid claim to the prestigious title of the apple’s birthplace.

Recent DNA tests, conducted with meticulous precision, have not only substantiated but enhanced the city’s pride, firmly establishing Almaty as the veritable orchard where the apple’s journey began. This revelation adds a layer of historical significance to the city, elevating it beyond its contemporary status to a hallowed ground for apple enthusiasts and botanists alike.

24. Retirement Age in Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, a country brimming with diverse cultural facets, possesses an intriguing facet in its retirement policies. Remarkably, the retirement age varies between genders. While women can bid farewell to the workforce at the age of 58, their male counterparts gracefully exit at the slightly later age of 63. This distinctive feature adds a nuanced layer to the socio-economic landscape, underscoring the nation’s approach to gender dynamics and aging populations.

25. Tax Regime in Kazakhstan

Delving into the fiscal realm, Kazakhstan boasts an interesting tax structure that significantly influences both individuals and corporate entities. As of the year 2018, individuals find themselves subject to a 10% income tax rate, a factor that intricately weaves into the financial fabric of the nation. In parallel, corporations navigate a distinct fiscal terrain, contending with a 20% tax rate. This financial juxtaposition underscores Kazakhstan’s strategic balance between individual prosperity and corporate contributions to the economic tapestry.

26. Baikonur Cosmodrome: A Space Odyssey Origin

Embarking on a cosmic journey, Kazakhstan proudly holds the distinction of being the launch pad for pioneering ventures into space exploration. The illustrious Baikonur Cosmodrome takes center stage in this celestial narrative. Notably, it served as the historic site for the launch of Sputnik 1, Earth’s inaugural artificial satellite, in 1957. The echoes of cosmic triumph continued as the rocket propelling Yuri Gagarin, the first human to orbit the Earth, soared into space from Baikonur in 1961. Astonishingly, this monumental launch complex remains operational, a living testament to Kazakhstan’s enduring role in mankind’s celestial pursuits.

27. Retirement Age Disparities in Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, a vast and diverse country straddling Central Asia and Eastern Europe, imposes distinct retirement ages for women and men. In this expansive nation, the retirement threshold is set at 58 years for women and 63 years for men, reflecting a gender-specific approach to workforce departure. This policy, while ostensibly rooted in demographic and economic considerations, raises questions about gender equity and societal expectations, with implications for the lives of retired individuals.

28. Persistent Malnourishment: A Harsh Reality

Within the fabric of Kazakhstan’s society, a disquieting statistic looms large—5% of the population, translating to approximately 880,000 people, grapple with the scourge of malnourishment. This stark revelation paints a picture of a segment of society grappling with inadequate access to essential nutrients, highlighting underlying challenges related to food security, socioeconomic disparities, and healthcare accessibility. The plight of those facing malnourishment underscores the urgency of targeted interventions and systemic reforms to address this pervasive issue.

29. Unveiling the Intellectual Landscape: Average IQ in Kazakhstan

The intellectual tapestry of Kazakhstan reveals an intriguing facet—the average IQ level stands at 94. This numerical representation, while providing a snapshot of cognitive abilities within the population, prompts contemplation on the multifaceted factors shaping intellectual potential. From educational infrastructure and cultural influences to socioeconomic disparities, Kazakhstan’s average IQ level invites a nuanced exploration into the dynamics that contribute to the nation’s cognitive landscape. The quest for understanding intelligence in this context transcends mere statistics, delving into the complex interplay of genetics, education, and environmental factors.

30. Traditional Kazakh Game: Kyz Kuu (Catch That Girl!)

Embarking on the spirited landscape of Kazakh traditions, the riveting game of Kyz Kuu, also known as “Catch That Girl,” unfolds like a lively narrative. Within this vibrant spectacle, a youthful equestrian adeptly chases a young maiden galloping ahead. The captivating essence lies in her endeavor to thwart his progress, using a whip should he draw too close. His tenacity is tested, and failure to catch up by a predetermined point warrants another whiplash. Yet, should he successfully overtake her, the spirited climax culminates in a rewarding kiss.

31. Unveiling Kazakhstan’s Sparse Population Density

In the vast tapestry of Kazakhstan’s geographical expanse, a defining characteristic emerges in the form of its sparse population density, a mere 6.2 individuals per square kilometer. This statistic encapsulates the vast expanses of the Kazakh landscape, where human habitation is scattered, creating a tableau where each person occupies a significant stretch of the terrain. The implications of such a sparsity unfold in the interactions and dynamics of a populace navigating through the vastness of their homeland. Business – Money Making – Marketing – Ecommerce

32. The Pervasive Influence of Islam in Kazakhstan

At the spiritual crossroads of Kazakhstan, Islam emerges as the predominant and unifying force, enveloping 60% of the populace in its spiritual embrace. The pervasive influence of Islam not only shapes the religious fabric but also permeates through the cultural and social realms, leaving an indelible mark on the collective identity of the Kazakh people. Mosques punctuate the landscape, and the rhythms of daily life echo the principles and traditions rooted in this enduring faith.

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