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Joint Venture Partnership – Types | Advantages | Disadvantages

(Last Updated On: April 21, 2021)

A joint venture partnership refers to a brand new group established by two or more organizations. It is a settlement the place two or more companies maintain fairness capital in an enterprise.

What is a joint venture partnership?

Joint ventures come into existence when two or more companies mutually resolve to create a brand new agency (with a brand new name and authorized standing) in collaboration/ partnership specified the aim.

In this enterprise, all of the partner-firms have a point of management. The fairness association between unbiased enterprises leads to the creation of a brand new organizational entity.

The joint venture partnership signifies that the Sponsoring organizations type a separate group and have shared possession within the newly-created group.

The partner-companies own the newly created agency. To type a joint venture, at the very least two companies should conform to collectively set up a new company.

A joint venture partnership is most popular when two or more companies lack the mandatory elements for fulfillment in new business.

Many corporations like joint ventures to beat useful resource constraints and/or reap the benefits of the distinctive competencies of the partner-companies.

This is finished to scale back the threat of foreign domination and improve abilities employment, progress, and income of native companies.

Joint enterprise acquisition includes the creation of a brand new agency (or new venture) collectively by two or more corporations.

The corporations that be a part of collectively to type a joint venture are known as partner-companies (or just companions). The new firm, that’s, the joint venture is owned by the partners.

Some corporations use a joint venture as a car to enter into a new business space. Learn how to be a successful businessman. The main function of a joint venture is to allow each partner-companies to share dangers and prices concerned in a brand new enterprise.

An organization having ‘some of the skills and assets’ for the institution of a brand new business-firm can be a part of one other firm having ‘complementary skills and assets’ to construct up the brand new business.

Joint ventures could be legally dissolved. A joint venture partnership helpful to achieve entry to a brand new business or a brand new market within the following conditions:

  • When a singular group can not muster all of the sources.
  • Sharing amongst organizations reduces dangers.
  • When two totally different organizations have complementary sources.
  • The enterprise entity can eradicate/ cut back competitors.
  • When the growth in a brand new market is feasible resulting in a dominant place.

When environmental, authorities, and/or regulatory restrictions make it tough for both agencies in the joint venture partnership to take advantage of the chance.

Joint ventures are doable inside trade, throughout industries inside organizations belonging to 2 totally different nations, and even amongst nations. Joint ventures are a popular option to enter new markets.

For instance, foreign corporations might have joint ventures with Afghanistan organizations for the event of infrastructure.

The foreign firm brings the capital and experience whereas the Afghan firm brings the native data and logistical help to the joint venture. The association is mutually useful.

Joint ventures have been the popular method for corporations to enter the Indian and Chinese markets. The joint venture entity can also create jobs out of the country.

Advantages of Joint Venture

  1. It permits the partners to pursue alternatives that are considered peripheral to the strategic pursuits of the partners.
  2. It could be a helpful option to achieve entry to a brand new business which may be very complicated and uneconomical for a single firm to pursue alone.
  3. It permits the partners to share the dangers and prices of constructing a brand new business.
  4. It creates a possibility to mix the abilities and property of partner-companies obligatory to ascertain a profitable new enterprise.
  5. It is a formidable option to enter right into a foreign market when a market entry is restricted by authorities joint venture with a local partner out of the country is useful to beat tariff obstacles and import quotas.
  6. Both native and worldwide joint venture helps facilitate joint analysis efforts, technology sharing, pint use of production facilities, advertising, and marketing each other’s merchandise, and in becoming a member of forces to provide elements or assemble completed merchandise.
  7. A worldwide joint venture is a fruitful means of strengthening an organization’s competitiveness on this planet market.
  8. Access to new markets and distribution networks
  9. Increased capability
  10. Sharing of dangers and prices (ie legal responsibility) with a partner
  11. Access to new information and experience, together with specialized employees
  12. Access to higher sources, for instance, technology and finance
  13. Use buyer database to market your product of the partner
  14. Offer partner’s companies and merchandise to your present prospects
  15. Join forces in buying, analysis, and improvement

Situations Suitable for joint venture partnership

The following conditions are appropriate for a joint venture.

  • A state of affairs the place pursuing a possibility requires distinctive competencies. Many business alternatives require distinctive sorts of competencies of a broader vary of know-how. When an agency doesn’t have such competencies or know­the way it can go for a three-way partnership with one other agency having the identical. Thus, they’ll collectively pool the sources and competencies to embark on pursuing business opportunities.
  • All the conditions are appropriate for strategic partnerships.
  • The business exercise was pursuing a possibility is complicated or dangerous, if any business alternative appears to be very complicated or dangerous and even uneconomical for a single agency, a joint venture is an effective option to undertake that opportunity.
  • Where entry to a foreign market wants a local foreign partner. In some nations, it could be tough for multinational corporations to enter for business functions. The issue within the entry might come up from restrictions by the federal government or local tradition and socio-political conditions. In such a state of affairs, an agency should safe a local partner to achieve entry into the specified local market.

Challenges with joint venture partnership

A joint venture technique presents many alternatives, little doubt.

But it’s not without drawbacks. Let us spotlight a few of the main difficulties with this technique;

In the case of a world joint venture, conflicts might come up over the usage of local sources, local technology, local workers, compliance with local requirements and insurance policies, export quantity, working procedures, use of mental property and technology, use of foreign partner’s technology by a local partner, and many others.

Disputes might stem when foreign partners begin neglecting the local partner after the foreign partner has overcome the difficulties. In that case, foreign partners might contemplate the local partners’ help pointlessly. Foreign partners might even consider dissolving the joint venture.



Complications come up in dividing the share of control between the partners. The partners in a joint venture might have controversies over the function every would play within the group and in addition over the extent of management within the organizational affairs.

The partner-companies run the danger of giving technical know-how away to their counterparts. Any partner might capitalize on that know-how to compete instantly with the opposite partner.

Conflict over find out how to run the joint venture can tear it aside and lead to business failure.

Local partners might begin personal business by seceding their relationship with the joint venture once they may grasp the technology and develop aggressive abilities. Capitalizing on their acquired know-how, they could launch their merchandise in separate model names.

The joint venture agency might start to compete more with one of many partners than the opposite when all partners are in an identical business.

Problems might come up when the sponsoring companies don’t present help to the joint venture equally.

Although the partnering corporations might not have issues, they could face issues as a result of complaints from the shoppers about poorer service or different points.

Disadvantages of the joint venture partnership

  • Objectives of the venture are unclear
  • Communication between companions shouldn’t be nice
  • Partners count on various things from the joint venture
  • The level of experience and funding is not equally matched
  • Work and sources aren’t distributed equally
  • Different cultures and management types pose boundaries to co-operation
  • Leadership and assistance shouldn’t be there within the early levels
  • Venture’s contractual limitations pose a danger to a partner’s core business operations

Types of the joint venture

  • Limited co-operation.
  • Separate joint venture business.
  • Business partnerships.

Take away

A joint venture could be local or worldwide. A local joint venture is created by often two or more local corporations throughout a similar nation.

We have so far mentioned the entry methods for a single­ business firm that intends to diversify its current business. A single-business firm might observe anybody or all of those methods to diversify its present business.

Once a single-business enterprise has entered into new business by the adoption of any of the above methods, it has turned itself right into a diversified firm.

We now flip to a dialogue of the post-diversification methods and the strategic evaluation and selection on the company degree. The publish diversification methods are adopted by a diversified firm.

Diversified- corporations in the joint venture partnership must observe one or a mix of those post-diversification methods to enhance their efficiency and marketplace.

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