23 Interesting Facts About Russian Language

(Last Updated On: May 19, 2020)

No in the Russian language is said нет and this is an example of Russian is the most spoken native language in Europe. It belongs to the Slavic group of Indo-European language families.

The Russian language has about one and a half million speakers in the world, making it the 8th most spoken language.

Russian is considered a very mysterious language and we bet you do not know this information about Russian, let’s know some interesting facts about the Russian language

1. “Talking about blue? Be real while in Russia!”

Well, not really, but the Russian language splits the color blue into two completely different categories- синий (“seeniy” meaning dark blue) and голубой (“goluboy” meaning light blue).

So yes they are better at distinguishing light blue and dark blue but only for language. Even if Russian blue shades are different, some languages ​​can’t even distinguish between green and blue!

2. The word weird for Germans

In Russian, The Germans are referred to as “немецкий” (nemetski) – meaning those who cannot speak.

The root of the word means the Russian word means mute, which means stupid and irrational.

At first, the Russian word Nimtsky was used for foreigners who didn’t speak Russian, and most of the foreigners at that time were Germans, so they got the name.

3. 1918 Language Reform

The final vital change to the Russian language got here as a consequence of the 1917 Revolution.

At the start of 1918, the Russian language dropped 4 letters to simplify the language additionally. Different adjustments have been made as properly to make the language simpler to spell.

4. Russian Use Is Widespread

Russian is the eighth most spoken language on this planet. There is over 150 million native audio system, and due to the huge expanse of the Soviet Union, there are a complete of 260 million individuals who communicate it as a primary or second language.

Russian can also be an official language of the UN and is the official language of Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.

5. Russian Can Be Troublesome

Russia is a Class III language. This makes it as tough to study as among the Japanese European languages like Hungarian, Polish, and Czech for native English audio system.

Nonetheless, it doesn’t take as a lot of time to study as Chinese language (Mandarin), Japanese, or Arabic, all class IV languages.

6. Russian Cognates

The alphabet could look formidable to those that aren’t acquainted with it, however, that doesn’t imply that there aren’t loads of cognates that can assist you to study the language. It’s because roughly 10 p.c of Russian phrases are just like English.

Алкоголь – alcohol
океа́н – ocean
Менеджер – manager
Аме́рика – America
компью́тер – computer

Whereas on the floor these phrases don’t look something like how they learn, as soon as you become familiar with the pronunciation of the Cyrillic alphabet, you may see how these phrases are fairly just like their English model. There are many loanwords to be looking out for as properly.

7. Cyrillic Alphabet

Maybe probably the most distinguishing characteristic of the Russian language is its alphabet. Whereas the Latin Alphabet closely influences Western European languages, the Russian, or the Cyrillic Alphabet, is Slavic primarily based on sturdy Greek influences, although Latin has performed its position in its formation as properly.

St. Cyril, a Byzantine missionary who lived throughout the ninth century, created the Cyrillic alphabet. Its objective was to translate spiritual texts into Slavic.

A lot afterward, Peter the Nice pushed to Westernize the Russian alphabet barely throughout his reign. He additionally altered the language to make it simpler to study, eradicating unused phrases and modernizing among the letters primarily based on the Latin alphabet.

The fashionable alphabet has 33 letters. There are 21 consonants and 10 vowels. The remaining two letters shouldn’t have a sound. And equally to Latin-based languages, there are each capital and decrease case letters.

The set up of the Soviet Union unfold Russian and made it the widespread language it’s at this time.

After the Soviet Union got here to energy, all of its territories discovered Trendy Russian by means of its established public schooling, and although the Soviet Union not exists, Russian nonetheless serves as a lingua franca in a lot of Eurasia.

Whereas many English audio systems could discover the alphabet shockingly completely different from the one they’re accustomed to, as soon as they begin to research the language, they have a tendency to seek out that the alphabet is among the simpler obstacles to beat.

8. The Russian Dictionary

Russian doesn’t have as many phrases as English. Whereas the English language has over 1,000,000 vocabulary phrases, Russian has round 200,000. The result of this condensed vocabulary is that many Russian phrases have a number of meanings.

9. Russian Household Names

There are three elements to Russian names. The primary or “given” title is how individuals discuss with the kid. Then there’s a household title (surname).

Nonetheless, as an alternative of a “center titlewithin the Western sense, there’s a “Patronymic” title or a reputation that’s derived from the title of the daddy. That is created by including -ovna to the top of the daddy’s title for the daughter and -ovich to the top of the daddy’s title for a son.

10. Russian, the Language of Area

As a result of U.S. astronauts catch an experience on the Soyuz spacecraft to the Worldwide Area Station, they’re required to study fundamental Russian.

The working language for the ISS could also be English, however throughout takeoff and in case of an emergency on the house station, vacationers want to talk Russian. Because of these astronauts, or cosmonauts somewhat, want to ensure they enroll in the perfect Russian language program.

11. Russian Genders

There are a number of genders for nouns in Russian. Just like German, Russian has a masculine, female, and neuter genders.

12. Stress Is Necessary

Russian audio system must know which syllables to emphasize when talking to natives. Stressing the mistaken a part of the phrase can change all the which means of the sentence.

13. Russia and German

Curiously sufficient, the Russian phrase for Germans is “немецкий” (nemetski). It means somebody who can not communicate, nevertheless it may also be seen as a derogatory time period to discuss with somebody as “ignorant” or “silly.” Just like how the Greeks referred to those that couldn’t  communicate Greek as “barbarians.”

The phrase in Greek is bárbaros, which means babbler. Greeks believed that anybody who couldn’t communicate their language “babbled.”

The Russians singled out those that couldn’t communicate as being, “немецкий.” Nonetheless, this tended to be largely Germans who have been within the space, and thus, the time period caught.

14. The Color Blue

In Russian, there are numerous phrases for the color blue. English audio system could solely see gentle and darkish blues. However, Russians are higher at differentiating between numerous shades of blue and have names for them.

15. Want to be an innovator, learn now

Not surprising! However, there is a reason behind this. Russian is often identified as the international language of the place.

Due to Russia’s presence in aerospace technology, and especially the International Space Station, foreign innovators now need to have a working knowledge of Russian. In case of an emergency, novices are instructed in Russian.

In fact, part of the training to become an astronaut even includes a homestay to learn local lingo in Moscow. Well for those of you who want to be an innovator, start with Russian now!

16. Calculate etiquette

In Russian, there is a fine line between formal and casual. It is important that you know the difference between a formal and an informal one, as this is something that is quite important to them.

When you are first introduced to someone you should use the more formal word for you Вы and after that, you can switch to ты when you know them much better.

17. Don’t worry about the future

In Russian, you cannot really use the future tense and the first person together because the first person of the verb has no future form.

Although you can say “you win” and “he/she will win”, you cannot say “I will win”. You have to work around this by saying “I will win”

18. Name your kids

Russian names consist of a first name, a family name, and a patronymic name, which is the father’s name plus the ending -ovich for a son and -ovna for a daughter.

So if a father named Ivan has a son and a daughter, his son’s patronymic name will be Ivanovich and his daughter’s will be Ivanovna.

19. Animacy keeps the language alive

In Russian, nouns have animations. Animate nouns are considered as more living than inanimate ones. So in Russian, a dead man (мертвец) is more alive than a corpse (труп), because a dead man (мертвец) is animate and a corpse is not.

20. One of the United Nations officials

Russian is one of the official languages ​​of the United Nations. The others are Arabic, English, Spanish, French, and Chinese.

russian language

21. Widespread throughout Eurasia

Russian is spoken in Eastern Europe and Northwest Asia. It has 150 million native speakers and 250 million can speak it as a first or second language.

Russian is mostly spoken in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan. It speaks a bit in the northwestern countries of Moldova, Norway, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Ukraine, Finland, and Asia.

22. Assembly in English

About One in Ten Russian Words are very close to a similar word in English. For Instance, проблема (pronounced “problema”) means “problem”, and кофе (pronounced “kofi”) is “coffee”.

23. Be careful not to stress

In Russian, where it is important to emphasize the word. For example, я плачу – in which stress is on the second syllable – means “I’m paying”. However, я плáчу – in which the stress is on the first syllable – means “I’m crying”.

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