Spanish is the second most spoken language, the second most studied language, and the third most commonly used language on the Internet worldwide.
For many people, there is a lot of amazing information about the Spanish language in general. Here are some interesting facts about this great language:
1. The second most spoken language!
About 1 million people speak Spanish in the world, making it the second most spoken language. Chinese are the first to speak about a billion people in Chinese. About 3 million people use English as their third language.
2. Mother of the day!
There are about 17 tenses in Spanish for all the three moods – Indicative, Subjunctive, and Imperative. Considering learning the language, if we have to get it right, it can be very useful to us!
3. This is how you start a question in Spanish!
In Spanish, while beginning a question, an inverted exclamation mark ‘¡’ or an inverted question mark ‘¿’ is used at the very beginning of the sentence. These punctuation marks do not exist in languages other than Spanish.
4. Noun conundrum!
There are various nouns in Spanish that are common in their spelling, but they mean something completely different when changing gender. For instance el cometa means the comet and la cometa mean the kite.
5. Just one word says a lot!
The Spanish translation into English takes more words. There are several words in Spanish that cannot be translated into English in one word.
Taking the word for empalagarse as an example, means feeling sick for being too sweet at the same time and it is used in romantic situations at the same time. Just one word in Spanish says so much it is beautiful
6. Two types of love phrases!
The two phrases – ‘Te amo’ and ‘Te quiero’ can be used to depict the feeling of love. The former is commonly used among lovers and closest family members; The latter, however, is used in a very friendly way and not in a romantic way.
7. Spanish has Latin origins
The Spanish language derives from a selected sort of spoken Latin. This dialect developed within the central-northern area of the Iberian Peninsula following the Fifth-century demise of the Western Roman Empire.
From the 13th to the 16th centuries, Toledo developed a written language normal and Madrid adopted swimsuit via the 1500s. Over the last 1,000 years, the language has developed into extra widespread, shifting south in the direction of the Mediterranean.
It was subsequently adopted by the Spanish Empire and, simply as importantly, within the Spanish colonies established on the American continents.
8. Spanish has two names: Castellano and Español
Spanish audio system usually confer with their language as español in addition to castellano, which is the Spanish phrase for “Castilian.”
The phrases utilized can differ from area to area, they usually also can replicate political and social views.
In English, the time period “Castilian Spanish” can be utilized to confer with particular person dialects of Spanish spoken within the northern and central components of Spain.
Sometimes, the time period is used extra loosely to confer with the Spanish spoken in Spain, versus Latin American Spanish.
9. Spanish is a phonetic language
Most individuals know a number of phrases of Spanish, resembling tapas, siesta, cava and tortilla. Spanish has additionally borrowed a number of phrases from English, resembling los denims (denims) and el lodge (lodge).
There are, nonetheless, some huge variations between English and Spanish. As an example, there’s the truth that Spanish is a phonetic language.
Because of this you pronounce letters persistently and every letter represents a sure sound. This additionally implies that Spanish is a reasonably easy language for novices to be taught, particularly on the subject of spelling and talking.
10. The hyperlinks between sounds and letters imply that there normally aren’t any spelling surprises.
After all, you gained’t get off that simple. There are a number of different tips for native English audio system to grasp.
As Spanish originates from Latin, it has gendered language—masculine and female phrases and articles. The genders of adjectives should agree with their accompanying nouns, in addition to the articles of these nouns.
Spanish enjoys extra tenses and a larger variation in verb components in comparison with English. It additionally has 3 ways to deal with individuals: tú being the casual “you,” usted being the formal “you,” and vosotros being the casual, plural model of tú (very like “you all” or “y’all”) in Spain. These all affect verb kinds, possessives, and pronouns.
11. Over 400 million individuals communicate Spanish
Spanish is the mom tongue of an estimated 400-450 million individuals, making it the world’s second most spoken language.
Spanish solely falls in second place behind Chinese, which is spoken by over a billion individuals and much outranks some other language.
Spanish surpasses English in its variety of audio systems, as English is available in third place with 335 million native audio systems worldwide.
12. There are 21 international locations which have Spanish because of the official language
Spanish enjoys official language standing in 21 international locations throughout Europe, Africa, Central, South, and North America, making it an important international language.
Not solely is it the principle language for these 21 sovereign states, it additionally serves as a key language in a handful of dependent territories.
For many individuals in these locations, it’s the one solution to talk and all official correspondence and paperwork are in Spanish. Spanish can be utilized in faculties to show the curricula.
Since English is spoken in 112 international locations, the English language is essentially the most widespread when it comes to the variety of international locations that talk about it.
French is second with 60 international locations talking the language and Arabic is third, with 57 international locations who talk in Arabic.
Positive, Spanish solely is available in fourth place on this site, however, that also ends in making it one of the vital languages on the planet.
Many worldwide corporations and organizations, together with the United Nations, have adopted Spanish as one in all their official languages.
13. Spanish is a Romance language
Spanish belongs to the Indo-European languages, which embrace French, English, Russian, German, the Slavic and Scandinavian languages in addition to varied languages in India.
Indo-European languages initially unfold throughout Europe and plenty of areas of South Asia earlier than reaching different components of the world via colonization.
The title “Indo-European” has a geographical that means referring to the languages most easterly reaches within the Indian subcontinent and their most westerly reaches all through Europe.
Spanish is additionally categorized as a Romance language, together with Catalan, Italian, French, Portuguese, and Romanian.
You most likely already knew about Spanish being a Romance language on some stage, however, the significance of this goes deeper than you would possibly anticipate. All these intercontinental connections give Spanish a definite benefit.
Realizing its roots in and relationships with different languages will help you higher perceive Spanish linguistically, traditionally and culturally.
14. Arabic influenced Spanish
Arab armies began to beat the Iberian Peninsula in 711, bringing Arabic artwork, structure, and language to the area. Arabic regularly combined with previous Spanish to develop into the language spoken right now.
When Spain expelled the Arabs in 1492, the language retained some 8,000 Arabic phrases. Other than Latin, Arabic is the biggest contributor to Spanish.
Many phrases that you simply already know in Spanish come from Arabic, resembling el alfombra (carpet), la almendra (almond), and la almohada (pillow).
If you journey via Spain, you’ll come throughout many places, area, and historic web site names that come from Arabic, resembling El Alhambra.
15. The earliest Spanish texts have been written over 1000 years in the past!
Las Glosas Emilianenses (Glosses of Saint Emilianus), written in 964, have been long considered the primary written Spanish texts that survive right now. They include Spanish and Basque notes made on a nonsecular Latin manuscript.
The unknown creator is believed to have been a monk on the Suso monastery. In 2010, nonetheless, the Actual Academia Española introduced that the primary examples of written Spanish exist in Ninth-century medieval paperwork often called the “Cartularies of Valpuesta,” from the Burgos province.
16. Spanish is poetic and has lengthy sentences
If you translate from English to Spanish, your textual content is prone to develop by 15-25%. This isn’t as a result of Spanish phrases are longer than English phrases (and they’re undoubtedly not so long as German phrases may be).
The explanation for this growth lies in the truth that Spanish is extra detailed, poetic, and expressive. It thus makes use of extra phrases to explain one thing that English would most likely sum up in only one phrase.
For instance, the phrase en el sentido de las agujas del reloj actually mean “within the path of the needles of the clock,” however in English, we might merely say “clockwise.” Spanish doesn’t have a phrase for “clockwise” and has to make use of the aforementioned phrase!
17. The demand for studying Spanish is rising
Spain has all the time been a preferred journey and international research vacation spot. Learning Spanish in faculties and universities has additionally grown in reputation.
Lately, the language is changing into extremely popular in Asia, signifying its significance in international financial markets.
Using Spanish on-line has risen by an unbelievable 800% lately and this implies it’s the third hottest language on the Web, not far behind Mandarin and English.
An estimated 18 million college students are at the moment finding out Spanish as an international language.
Forecasts point out that, in a number of generations from now, 10% of the world’s inhabitants will perceive Spanish—whereas the quantity is at the moment 6%. That’s an enormous leap coming!
18. The Royal Spanish Academy is “in cost” of the language
The Royal Spanish Academy is formally accountable for being the custodian of the Spanish language.
It has its residence in Madrid and operates quite a few language academies via the Affiliation of Spanish Language Academies within the 21 different international locations that talk Spanish.
The Academy started its life within the 18th century and since then has revealed dictionaries and grammar rule books, which have been formally adopted in Spain and different Spanish-speaking international locations.
The Academy prides itself on inventing using the inverted query and exclamation marks, that are distinctive to the Spanish language.
One other distinctive function it’s accountable for is the letter ñ, which was launched to the alphabet through the 18th century.
19. There are lots of regional nuances of Spanish
We all know that Spanish descended from Latin and unfold from the Iberian Peninsula to Latin America via colonization.
It’s fascinating to know that there are various discrepancies between the Spanish of Spain and that of Latin America. There are additionally numerous variations within the Spanish language inside Latin America itself!
That being mentioned, the comparatively minor vocabulary, grammar, and punctuation variations aren’t terribly excessive, and communication continues to be very simple.
You need to have the ability to journey the Spanish-speaking world with “impartial” Spanish and handle communication with practically anyone.
20. The variations initially arose as a result of the colonies developed considerably independently from each other, and even from Spain itself.
Since communication was restricted, with no telephones, airplanes, emails, WhatsApp or Skype, some parts of older Spanish have been retained and others deserted.
Plus, you’ll discover that many areas have invented their very own distinctive vocabulary, slang, accents, and language utilization quirks over time.
A superb instance is the best way vos is utilized in Paraguay, Uruguay, and Argentina. That is used within the Spanish from Spain, and so it was transferred to the Americas.
As alluded to earlier than, vosotros means “you” or “you all,” and thus is the second-person plural in Spain, because it was initially supposed for use.
Nevertheless, vos is now used as a well mannered, second-person singular pronoun within the above three international locations.
Spain has long since stopped utilizing it on this means, however, should you go to Buenos Aires you’re fairly prone to be requested “¿de dónde sos?” (the place are you from?) versus “¿de dónde eres?”.
21. False knowledge
There are many words that are similar in Spanish and English, but their meaning is different, so we call them misleaders or misleading friends.
For instance, embarazada is similar to embarrassed in English but it means pregnant in Spanish.
22. Native language on the continent!
Spanish is the official language of 22 regions of four continents, which is the most widely publicized.
These are Europe: Spain. United States: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, and Puerto Rico. Africa: Ceuta, Canary Islands, Melilla, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon (Coco beach area), Western Sahara. Oceania: Eastern Island.
23. Now we know what these signs are!
No, they are not just for decoration. The use of accent marks in Spanish has two distinct purposes – to show that a certain word is emphasized after an accent.
The difference between the same spelling words is the second. For example: camino (way, road) and caminó (past tense for caminar-walk). Also, Accent marks are only used above vowels (á, é, í, ó, ú).
24. Favorite language of the Nobel Prize!
Nobel Prize Spanish is a favorite language and so far eleven Nobel laureates for Spanish literature.
25. Spain doesn’t have the most speakers!
Most Spanish speakers are in Spain, not in Mexico.
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