Creativity is a term that has become quite popular in the last few decades. Types of creativity make up many layers of creative activities and emotional intelligence. Creativity is one of the most essential features that every employer needs when hiring an employee. Creativity is important in almost every aspect of life, from feeding almost every aspect of a child’s diet, creativity plays a very important role.
So it is important to understand what creativity is and the psychology behind it. Creativity is not easy to study and understand. This is considered by psychologists to be one of the most complex topics studied. But in this article, you will learn about the psychology behind creativity, how it happens, different types of creativity, etc.
Therefore, original thoughts are novel. But of course, new is always present. For instance, ask a teacher. Despite the fact that they may have been in textbooks for years, children might come up with concepts that are novel to them. Simply because another person had the same brilliant idea before they do not automatically make someone less creative. In fact, we would be even more impressed with the accomplishment if Shakespeare or Euclid had thought of it first.
What is Creativity?
First, let’s define the word creativity to get a better insight. There is no clear conception of how to define creativity. But creativity is a way of producing something new and different that has some value or uses the same worldly things or a new strategy in a new way to get better / positive results or simply using the unique business in itself to get more. There are basically two components of creativity.
Priorities come first. Human creativity is a bit of a contradiction, to put it mildly. While some new concepts are innovative, others are just fresh. What’s the distinction? And how is imagination even possible? Creative concepts might strike at any time. They even occasionally appear to be impossible, yet they nonetheless take place. How can one explain that? Could a study of scientific psychology aid our understanding of the nature of creativity?
The capacity to develop novel, unexpected and useful ideas or products is referred to as creativity. Concepts, poetry, musical compositions, scientific theories, cooking techniques, choreography, jokes, and more are all considered to be “ideas” in this context. Paintings, sculptures, steam engines, vacuum cleaners, ceramics, origami, penny whistles, and many more things fall under the category of “artefacts.”
These incredibly varied examples demonstrate how creativity affects almost every element of life. It is a characteristic of human intelligence in general rather than a unique “skill.” To put it another way, it is based on fundamental skills including conceptual thinking, vision, memory, and introspective self-criticism. Therefore, creativity is not limited to a small few; it exists in every one of us, to some extent.
It is also not a one-sided situation. We should inquire, “Just how creative is it, and in just which way(s),” as opposed to, “Is that notion innovative, Yes or No?” By posing that question, we may better understand the complexities of the notion at hand as well as obtain a feel of the possible psychological processes that could have first inspired it.
Classification of creativity
Another great idea when discussing creativity is the classification of ideas. This is the model used in coaching to support clients when looking for the side-by-side, big picture, or detail to explore a variety of topics.
If you are a disconnected thinker and brainstorm for a specific solution to a single problem, your thought process will be at the bottom left of the graph. When you do convergent thinking, you go from bottom to bottom of the same graph.
You can basically put any of your ideas on this map to see where they are currently and where they can go to see the topic in a different light.
Imagine if a 12-year-old girl who had never read Macbeth equated sleep’s curative abilities to someone stitching a raveled sleeve. Would you dispute Bard’s claim that she was creative only because he made it first? Maybe you had been chatting around the subject with her, encouraging her to use figurative language, and even bringing up one or more of the three fundamental concepts. Otherwise, you’d have to admit that her comment was quite inventive.
It is obvious that H-creativity is a unique instance of P-creativity. H-creativity is crucial for encyclopaedia users as well as historians of art, science, and technology. Additionally, we recognize that it is untrue that “the old jokes are the greatest ones” in day-to-day living. However, P-creativity is vital for someone who is attempting to comprehend the psychology of creativity. Whoever came up with the concept initially doesn’t really matter; what matters is how they achieved it considering they had never considered it before.
If “new” has two distinct meanings in this context, “surprising” has three.
A concept could be unexpected because it’s novel or even improbable, like a 100-to-1 long shot winning the Derby. This kind of surprise defies the odds.
We have already talked about multiple intellectuals on the blog, but I thought it important to mention it again in an article on creativity. We all have natural choices and we express creativity differently based on who we are and our environment. Take a look at the 8 intellectuals developed by Howard Gardner:
- Physical – kinetic
- Lyrical reasoning
Someone with more music choices than others naturally gets more creative in that field. Anyone who is more rational – mathematically will have a more creative view of numbers, systems, and processes than those who are more linguistic. It all depends on your ability, your curiosity, your patience, and your motivation to produce, share and implement something new or different.
Types of Creativity
For some people, being creative involves drawing, drawing, singing, or playing any instrument. So when they are not good at any creative activity they do not consider themselves creative. They can enjoy the aesthetics of it but they cannot produce it.
Making a difference between “psychological” creativity and “historical” creativity is something you could do, and in this case, I believe you should. (P- and H-creativity, to abbreviate.) P-creativity is the process of coming up with an original, startling, and worthwhile idea. It makes no difference how many people have thought about that before. However, if a novel concept is H-creative, it has emerged for the first time in human history and has not (as far as we are aware) been thought of previously.
This concept of creativity is very narrow. There is more to it than just pieces of art. Think about what you have created, changed, improved, or started in your job and your life.
These are other aspects of creativity. Below you will find the basic research done on creativity in the last 50 years, so you can name what kind of creative person you are.
Convergent vs. Divergent Thinking
American psychologist J.E. P. Guilford was the first to work on intelligence assessment and creativity. He coined the words “divergent” and “convergent” in the late ’50s.
Guilford describes convergent thinking as the simplest answer to a problem, perhaps the correct, the act of gathering information and information to answer one. It will not leave any room for flexibility or ambiguity. This is the thinking used to answer multiple-choice questions.
Miscellaneous thinking is the opposite of elite thinking. It is the process of generating multiple ideas from one topic to explore as many solutions as possible to one problem.
There are no right or wrong answers to various thoughts. This is a type of thinking used in brainstorming sessions, where participants share a stream of ideas associated with the topic before using elite thinking to narrow down the solutions.
Miscellaneous thinking is a creative way of thinking because it allows people to think outside the box by connecting things that cannot necessarily be connected in a more limited environment.
The Three Forms of Creativity
It is not magic to know “what is going on,” and it varies depending on the situation. Because there are three basic ways that creativity might occur, which match the three different types of surprises.
In the first, well-known concepts are combined in novel ways. Poetic imagery, collage in paintings or textile art, and analogies are some examples. These novel pairings might be created actively or, more frequently, unconsciously. Consider a physicist comparing an atom to the solar system, or a journalist contrasting a politician with an animal that is clearly not cuddly. Alternatively, think of some instances of imaginative linkages in poetry or visual art.
The journalist or newspaper reader needs a wide range of political and animal behavior principles, as well as some “personal” familiarity with the specific politician in the issue. Cartoonists that represent Ken Livingstone as a newt are drawing inspiration from a variety of creative sources, including rumors about what he maintains in an aquarium at home. Livingstone was the first publicly-elected mayor of London. Seeing a human figure with a newt’s crest and tail—a combination of concepts that is even less likely than the underdog winning the Derby—is a big part of what surprises you when you first see the cartoon.
The unusual mixture must have some significance for us to value it. It could have been brought on by a random process, such as rattling marbles in a bag, or it might not have (more frequently). However, for the combination to “make sense,” there must be some comprehensible mental link between the ideas/marbles. One of the possible explanations for the newt-human is Ken’s well-known fondness for newts. Which further examples are there? And, to get back to the Macbeth analogy, both knitting and sleep are healing. Even if two concepts are first combined arbitrarily, which I suppose happens only sometimes, they are retained/valued only if such connections can be made.
Interesting contrasts exist between the first type of creativity and the other two. They entail the investigation of conceptual spaces in people’s minds, and in the most unexpected circumstances, their modification.
Main components of creativity
An important element of creativity is its effectiveness. A creative idea will certainly work and bring results, otherwise, the whole effort will be in vain.
What connection could there possibly be between creativity and computers? A lot of individuals would reply, “Nothing!” A miracle of the human intellect is creativity. But, with all due respect to Mario, Sonic, and the company, computers are really just tin cans. It naturally follows that the two are only connected by their complete incompatibility.
Okay, no. Regarding two distinct initiatives, computers and creativity make intriguing allies. Understanding human creativity is one that intrigues me. The other attempts to create machine creativity, or at least machine “originality,” where the computer at least exhibits some degree of creativity.
The method or idea must be new and unique. It should not be an extension of anything, which already exists. However, one can take inspiration from the already existing methods and concepts to create something new and unique.
Most of the time, people wonder how creativity happens. It has been found that creativity turns into something other people have to spend hours on the streets or in the mountains to think of a small idea. In the following paragraphs will you learn about when creativity happens and what kind of people are called creative?
People with thoughts, arousal, curiosity, and a variety of unusual thoughts are known as creative people. Sometimes these people don’t even know what they’re doing and how important that innovation is. Therefore, they usually formulate new ideas, which stun people.
People who had significant self-discovery, who saw the world from a new perspective, and who had insightful ideas. These people make unique discoveries that they do not share with the outside world.
People who have great success that is known to the world. Inventors and artists fall into this category.
Creative people have many characteristics that affect their creative thinking. Following are a few personality traits of creative people.
Values and Creativity
One major issue here affects discussions about human creativity as well, although it has nothing to do with computers specifically.
“New” and “surprising” both have two meanings, as I previously stated. Nobody could tell you how many different connotations “valuable” has but me. It is challenging to identify, much more so to articulate, and yet more so to fully explain our aesthetic ideals. (Of course, these must be described very, very explicitly for a computer model.)
Additionally, they evolve: who now will gladly admit to donning flared pants or a beehive in the 1960s? They differ between civilizations. And even within a particular “culture,” they are frequently contested: various peer groups or subcultures place differing values on certain styles of clothing, jewelry, or music. Furthermore, when it comes to transformative creativity, the novelty shock may be so severe that even other artists struggle to appreciate the novelty of the concept.
Even in science, moral principles are frequently obscure and occasionally mutable. Philosophers of science have long attempted – and failed – to define precisely what “simplicity” or “elegance” entails, as applied to scientific hypotheses. And whether a scientific discovery or idea is “interesting” relies on the other hypotheses that were accepted at the time as well as on societal issues (could it be useful for medicine, for example?).
Since value is highly changeable and creativity by definition entails both novelty and value, it follows that many discussions concerning creativity are based on value conflicts. This is true for both human activity and computer performance. Therefore, there would still be debate over whether the computer even seemed to be creative, even if we were able to recognize and program our aesthetic ideals to enable the computer to inform and monitor its own activities properly.
In light of this, we might conclude that there are a variety of fascinating connections between creativity and computers. New ideas can be generated by computers and with their assistance. Their accomplishments and mistakes both enable us to think more clearly about our own creative abilities.
The virtues of creative people
Most people have the misconception that creativity happens unexpectedly. So, they usually spend their time sitting around and waiting for them to get creative.
Aren Dietrich categorized creativity into four domains using four different processing methods, such as sensitive, cognitive, intentional, and spontaneous. He used these four properties to create quadrants of the creative type.
2. They are Energetic
Creative people have a lot of physical as well as mental strength. They use their energy to discover new ideas. These people spend a lot of time alone in seclusion and thinking.
It’s more intriguing to be surprised by the second kind of creativity. An unexpected notion could “fit” into a way of thinking you already have, but you wouldn’t have known it since you hadn’t thought about it before. Perhaps the fact that an idea of this broad sort fits into the well-known style even intrigues you.
The third kind of surprise is much more intriguing; it is the shock you get when you come upon a notion that seems inconceivable. You feel as though it just couldn’t have crossed anyone’s mind, yet it did. It could even inspire other concepts that you would have previously deemed similarly improbable. What on earth could be happening?
3. They are intelligent
It is believed that intelligence plays a key role in creativity. According to a study, a high IQ is important for creativity. However, not all people with high IQs are creative. In order to be creative, people have to be smart and have a childlike attitude to see things.
Types of Creativity
1. Deliberate and sensitive creativity
People who are classified as deliberate and sensitive tend to influence their work through their emotional states. These kinds of creative people are very sensitive and sensitive in nature.
These people prefer relatively quiet and personal time to reflect and usually have a habit of writing diaries. But they are equally rational and reasonable in making decisions.
Their creativity is always a balanced product of deliberate sensitive thinking and logical actions. This national creativity is found in the amygdala and cingulate cortex parts of the human brain.
The amygdala is responsible for human emotions, but the cingulate cortex facilitates the learning and processing of information. This kind of creativity happens at random. These moments are usually called “A-ha!” As mentioned when someone suddenly thinks of solving a problem or thinks of some innovative idea.
For example, there are situations when you feel low and sensitive that discourage you from doing your job. In this type of situation, you should take 5 minutes and point out the things that made you sad and put them aside, and focus on the task.
This will help you get the corrected results and you will get the job done easily. They should look for a “quiet time” for deliberate and emotional creativity.
2. Deliberate and cognitive creativity
People are intentional and cognitive traits are purposeful. They have a great deal of knowledge about a particular topic and combine their skills and expertise to prepare activities to achieve something. Creativity is created in this area when people work in a particular area for a very long time.
People with this type of creativity are usually skilled in research, problem-solving, investigation, and experimentation. This type of creativity lies in the prefrontal cortex of the brain, which is located in the front of the brain. These kinds of creative people spend a lot of time every single day experimenting to develop new solutions.
Thomas Alva Edison is a prominent example of such a creative person. He conducted tests after an experiment before discovering electricity, light bulbs, and telecommunications. So, intentional and cognitive creativity requires lots of time, dedication, and knowledge about a particular topic
3. Spontaneous and sensitive creativity
Spontaneous and sensitive creativity takes place in the “amygdala” part of the human brain. The amygdala is responsible for all the emotional thoughts in the human brain.
Spontaneous perception and creativity occur when the conscious and prefrontal brain relaxes. This kind of creativity is available to most artists such as painters, painters, and writers.
Epiphany is suddenly the realization of something. Spontaneous and sensitive creativity is responsible for scientific breakthroughs, and religious and philosophical discoveries. It helps the enlightened person to see a problem or situation with a different and deeper perspective.
4. Spontaneous and cognitive creativity
There are times when you spend a long time cracking down on a problem but don’t think of a solution. For example, when you want to create a one-month schedule for a job, you can’t think of any possible way, and when you’re watching television and taking your relaxed time, suddenly you think of a solution and everything falls into place.
The same thing happened with the great scientist Isaac Newton. He got the idea about the law of gravity when an apple struck his head while resting under a tree.
It’s Newton for “Eureka!” A great example of moments and spontaneous and knowledgeable ones. This type of creativity occurs when one has the knowledge to perform a particular task, but it requires motivation and hints for proper motivation.
This type of creativity usually happens during the most difficult times, such as when you are in bed with your partner or taking a bath. Spontaneous and cognitive creativity occurs when the conscious mind stops working and relaxes and the unconscious mind has a chance to act.
In most cases, this type of creative person shuts off conscious thinking when they need to think “out of the box.” By engaging in various and unrelated activities, the unconscious mind has the opportunity to connect the information in a new way that gives solutions to the problem. Therefore, to allow this kind of creativity to happen, one must take a break from the problem and let go of the conscious mind.
These moments are defined as rare moments when great discoveries occur. Specific knowledge is not required for “spontaneous and sensitive” creativity to occur but requires skills such as writing, music, or art. This kind of creativity is not available by working on it.
Looking at the creativity you can see how there is not just one type of creativity. Every time you think about solving a problem, you imagine something, you dream in a dream, you make a plan, and you get creative. Every time you start something or you change something, you’re also creative.
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