write HR approved resume_difference between a CV and a resume

What is the Difference between A CV and A Resume?

(Last Updated On: March 28, 2023)

You must have seen the word “CV” many times. It stands for Curriculum Vitae (“course of life”). This phrase can often be found regarding resumes, and they are the same. If you read about the actual value of a CV, then you will see that they are different from a resume. So what’s the difference between a CV and a resume? Or are they other concepts, and then in what specific cases should each be used?

It’s crucial to include specific information about your most recent postings when describing your job history. Less information is required the further back in time you go. The exception to this rule is when a job from the past is more pertinent to your current application than one from the present.

Achieved grades and a university degree should always be indicated. It’s imperative to list your GCSE and “A” level passes, but you only need to include the grades if the results were obtained within the previous five years or so. Then, the importance of your college degree or work experience increases.

What is the difference between a CV and a resume?

This article aims to delve into the two aforementioned concepts, providing clarification and distinctions so readers can accurately select the appropriate document for every situation. Let’s learn What is the difference between a CV and a resume?

CV meaning

Suppose we proceed from the terminology of the regions where CV and resume are different concepts, then in CV. In that case, they describe the history of their higher education and academic activities, supplementing information with facts about published works, awards, and merits. Academics most often use the CV format to describe their career history.

How to write a CV?

The CV describes the work experience in chronological order. Each item is given attention, describing as much as possible all the details of the previous professional activity. And while CVs can be created for every profession, this format is often used by journalists, medical professionals, scientists, etc. To provide a comprehensive account of their career trajectory, individuals may elaborate on the following aspects:

  • teaching experience;
  • professional practice;
  • internship history;
  • scientific research endeavors;
  • published works and notable accomplishments.

With a resume, things work differently. It can only be clear if you know how to write a CV and the recruiter wants a resume. It can become especially problematic if time is running out. Nowadays, that’s not a problem. You can use ResumeSpice reviews to learn feedback from customers and know where to get a good resume quickly. This way, you will be sure that the author has considered all the differences between a CV and a resume. Also, you can research and read reviews and some examples on this platform to ensure quality.

What is the ideal document size?

The length of a CV can vary depending on an individual’s experience and publications and sometimes exceed five pages. It is optional to tailor the CV for each job application; instead, only a cover letter needs to be written specifically for each vacancy. In this case, you only need to write a cover letter for each vacancy. With it, you show motivation in getting a position and interest in the company.

What is a resume?

You use it to summarize your work experience, skills, accomplishments, and education. A resume gives the recruiter and employer a general idea of your work experience. Since there are different types of resumes, their appearance and the information you will include there depend on it. In any case, you will indicate information from the last to the 1st place of work.

Many students are interested in what to write in a resume without work experience. It is worth writing about education, practice, internship, and other achievements in such a case. But in the resume, in addition to the section on work experience, many other essential sections should tell information about you.

Resume vs curriculum vitae

You can send a resume and a CV when applying for a job. Both options will work. However, you need to be aware of a few apparent differences between the two, especially if you are looking for work in countries where the two are shared.

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Document size

For a resume, the ideal size is 1 page, maximum of 2. In the CV, write as much as you need. The size can even reach five pages or more.

What does it consist of?

The composition of the resume depends on the job description and your capabilities. It mainly includes contact information, work experience, skills, and education. In the CV, you describe all your activities and achievements, from higher education to professional achievements.


The CV should be relevant to the vacancy and contain current skills. Your CV is the history of your career and does not change. Your resume adds new information as you progress in your career.

What does it look like?

There are four main resume formats: reverse chronology, functional, combination, and targeted resume. The format you choose will determine the appearance of your document. Your CV will resemble a chronological list of academic and professional accomplishments. The paper is an autobiography of your professional activities.

When should a resume and CV be used?

If you still need to decide which document to send to work, carefully review the job requirements. In most cases, employers specify which format they need. If, for example, you want to work as a teacher, it will be more appropriate to see. As well as for researchers, assistants, and the like. In other cases, a short resume is perfect.

Do I need to add a photo to my resume or CV?

Surely, you will come across the question of placing a photo in your resume and CV. What is an image for, and how to choose the right picture? Do the same rules apply to resumes and CV photos? If you are considering a job in the UK, US, and Canada, it is normal NOT to include your photo. In most European countries, on the contrary, a photo is desirable, and its presence in your document will be perceived positively.


As a result, a resume and a CV are usually different things. Sometimes they can be perceived as the same, but checking with the recruiter for all the requirements is always better. If you want to make a good impression, then it is better to prepare both options. Understanding the differences between resumes and CVs is an essential indicator of competence.

It means that you are an intelligent specialist. While talking about your schooling, you should include any honors you have received, regardless of whether you were the boy’s or girl’s head of school, a member of the school council, or involved in any unique initiatives.

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