Part-time workers are not a protected class, but federal rules that protect workers’ rights apply to part-time workers. Illnesses like pay, leave and health insurance can sometimes lead to confusion. This article will give an overview of Part-time workers’ rights.
Part-time workers’ rights
Some companies prove benefits based on the number of hours worked, while others set work deadlines to qualify for any benefits.
Denying the benefits of part-time workers may seem like discrimination, but in reality, it is legal because they are a different class of workers than full-time workers.
Workplace discrimination is an employer’s actions that treat a person differently based on characteristics such as gender, race, or religious affiliation, it doesn’t belong to Part-time workers’ rights.
Covered activities include renting, relocating, utilizing company facilities, breaking down, and firing.
Part-time status is not among the features protected by federal discrimination law, but if a worker is terminated due to health, age, or family status, he or she can potentially discriminate on the basis of these characteristics rather than part-time status.
Title to the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is one of the most important anti-discrimination laws in the workplace. It protects full and part-time employees against hostile work activities based on religion, caste, color, gender, or national origin.
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act is a part of Title VIII and prohibits unequal treatment based on pregnancy, related medical problems, or childbirth, it doesn’t belong to Part-time workers’ rights.
The seventh title applies to most employers with 15 or more employees. However, this does not prevent an employer from offering better pay, benefits or other person offers to full-time employees.
It simply gives the condition that workers of the same class should be treated equally.
Equal Pay Act
To protect women and men from gender-based pay discrimination, Congress passed the Equal Pay Act. For this, employers need to be given equal pay and opportunity for men and women who perform their duties equally.
Part-time employees are subject to the EPA, but an employee may only claim discrimination under the EPA if other part-time employees perform similar work and receive different salaries or benefits with the same level of seniority.
The complaint is being filed
The US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission handles discrimination claims. In general, you must file within 180 days of the event, it doesn’t belong to Part-time workers’ rights.
Filing can be done by mail, telephone, or in-person at the nearest EEOC office. To find the nearest office, visit the EEOC’s website.
If the event is not an EPA violation, an employee must make an EEOC claim before filing a private lawsuit.
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