Task-oriented leadership is a type of vastly practice leadership style leaders practice all over the world. The task-relationship model is defined by Forsyth as a “descriptive model of leadership that maintains that most leadership behaviors can be categorized as the key to performing maintenance or relationships.” This article will give an overview of Task-oriented leadership.
Task-oriented (or task-focused) leadership is a behavioral approach in which the leader focuses on the tasks that need to be done to achieve specific goals or achieve a certain performance standard.
Relationship-based (or relationship-centered) leadership is a behavioral approach that focuses on the satisfaction, motivation, and general well-being of the leadership team members.
It has become increasingly clear that effective leadership in the workplace is crucial. If leadership is not effective, problems such as poor productivity, low motivation, and high turnover may arise.
In the current market, there are many new opportunities for employees, and so if employees are not happy, it is very likely that they will move somewhere else.
Leaders often do not think about what kind of leader they are. Usually, they fall into either a work-based or relationship-based leadership style.
Task-based and relationship-based leadership are two models that are often compared, as they are known to achieve different outcomes in different situations.
Attributes of Task-oriented leadership
Task-oriented leaders focus on getting the work they need or the tasks they need to go hand in hand to achieve a goal.
These leaders are generally less concerned with the idea of providing food to employees and are more concerned with finding the step-by-step solution needed to achieve specific goals.
They will often actively define work and required roles precisely, put them in a structured place, and plan, organize and monitor progress within the team.
The advantage of task-oriented leadership is that it ensures that deadlines are met and jobs are completed, and this is especially effective for team members who do not manage their time properly.
Further, these types of leaders give an example of a clear understanding of how to do the work, focus on the required workplace procedures and assign tasks accordingly to ensure that the work is done in a timely and productive manner.
Task-oriented leadership focuses on the tasks that need to be performed to reach the goals. Her leadership style can be described as autocratic.
Autocratic leaders do not mobilize their party to make decisions. Some of the task management-oriented features involved with task-oriented leadership include an emphasis on administrative activities, coordinating job-related activities, preparing financial reports, and so on.
We can notice that Task-oriented leadership is focused on getting things done by choosing an alternative to this style.
Such a leader does not really care about establishing relationships or the employees required to achieve this goal. They are more concerned with pursuing plans to reach organizational goals.
One of these, if not the greatest strength of this type of leadership, is that all work is of high-quality overtime standard.
Task-oriented leadership set an example for employees by focusing on the necessary processes related to how tasks are completed.
As a result, they can deliver the work and ensure that the work is completed on time to become of a higher standard.
Task-oriented leadership is appropriate in well-structured environments such as for example the productive assembly line where the repetition of well-defined processes produces high levels of both productivity and quality.
Some of the weaknesses associated with this leadership style include fear of breaking the rules among employees, which can lead to a lack of creativity, low morale, and consequently high turnover.
The lack of innovation that can arise from the risk of taking risks, which means that naturally, creative staff can become frustrated and eventually leave the organization to look for more exciting opportunities.
However, since executive leaders do not want to worry too much about the well-being of their team, this approach may suffer many shortcomings of autocratic leadership, including motivation and retention issues.
Key strengths of Task-oriented leadership are:
Make clear goals: Task-oriented leadership present direct instruction. For instance, if you’re working with a staff, you have to specify easy directions, deadlines, and targets to staff to make it simple for them to attain the potential you need.
Framework duties exactly. If you’re engaged on a mission, you have to define the mission first. Checklist the important jobs after which precisely clarify the processes.
Design the strategies and techniques with them to brainstorm the concepts in a well-mannered plan of action.
Situation precise deadlines. Setting deadlines is important for the group to have a way of feat. Set reminders on your staff and ask them to work actively over the mission, which has strict deadlines.
Provide steering. Present clear recommendations and courses to keep away from errors, roadblocks, and hassles.
Give alternatives to ask questions. Present info, assets, analysis, and different factors of clarification. By providing steering, you’ll deal with obstacles and transfer one other step in direction of progress.
Wonderful representatives, They know very properly which staff is appropriate for which process; subsequently, they’re nice at correct delegations. They drive productiveness ranges increased by figuring out the strengths of their staff.
Apply a reward system: After their groups have achieved key outcomes and goals, apply programs to repeatedly reward and inspire.
For instance, set a reward, bonus, break day, or different elements particular to a particular person’s various units of motivation on the finish of the month to extend productiveness and make a disciplined work setting.
Attain favorable outcomes: Task-oriented leadership achieves the most effective outcomes by directing staff strengths and setting methods. They perceive their obligations properly and work successfully.
Well-known examples of task-oriented leaders:
A superb instance of task-oriented leaders is the mission managers who’re answerable for massive tasks.
Venture managers are usually involved with finishing the mission throughout the specified time restrict and attaining the mission targets.
Good examples of Task-oriented leadership in this class are the low-level managers within the affiliation who’re accountable for the day-to-day operations of the enterprise.
They’re wonderful at arranging processes and duties essential to implement tasks dictated by middle-level managers.
Task-oriented leadership contains numerous small duties and can deploy work appropriately to ensure that everything completes in a productive and promising manner.
Task-oriented leadership will probably be applicable in areas the place administration of processes is important to fulfill the said expectations.
Task-oriented leadership perceives that productiveness is likely one of the paramount elements in assembly targets.
Command and management of operations in small teams are important and yield a lot of success within the attainment of targets.
He’s the CEO of one of many largest tech firms on the planet, but additionally the eighth largest firm on the planet on Forbes’ International 2000 record, Apple.
Cook has helped navigate Apple via the evolution after Jobs’ loss of life and opening Apple retail shops in China. About management, his views are:
“It’s about discovering your values and committing to them. It’s about discovering your North Star. It’s about making decisions. Some are simple. Some are exhausting. And a few will make you query everything.”
She has been the CEO of Facebook and has been an advocate for girls in the enterprise. She is a good task-oriented leader and says:
“Management is about making others higher on account of your presence and ensuring that impression lasts in your absence.”
Jack Ma was the primary businessperson from mainland China to provide an impression on the duvet of Forbes journal.
He based Alibaba Group, a gaggle of web firms. He’s the richest man in China. Look what he says concerning the management:
“Management is your intuition, after which it’s your coaching. Leaders are all the time constructive; they by no means complain.”
Who doesn’t learn about Bill Gates? Because of the founding father of Microsoft, he’s listed because of the second richest particular person on the planet, with a present internet value of $108.eight billion, in line with Forbes. Though this may change by the point you’re studying this text, Jeff Bezos is perhaps ranked #1.
“In case you give folks instruments, [and they use] their pure skill and their curiosity, they are going to develop issues in methods that can shock you very a lot past what you might need to be anticipated.”
Attributes of relationship-based leadership
Relationship-based leaders focus on supporting, inspiring, and developing people in the relationships that exist between their party and it.
This style of leadership promotes good teamwork and collaboration by fostering positive relationships and good communication.
Relationship-based leaders prioritize the well-being of everyone in the group and will put the time and effort into meeting the individual needs of everyone involved.
These can include motivating like bonuses, providing mediation to address workplace or classroom conflicts, having more casual interactions with team members about their strengths and weaknesses, creating a competitive and transparent work environment, or simply being able or leadership as an individual.
The benefit of relationship-based leadership is that team members are in a setting where the leader cares about their well-being.
Relationship-based leaders understand that creating positive productivity requires a positive environment where individuals feel driven.
Personal conflicts, dissatisfaction with a job, dissatisfaction, even loneliness can drastically reduce productivity, so leaders like these put people first to make sure these types of problems are kept to a minimum.
Furthermore, team members may be more willing to take risks, as they know that the leader will provide support if needed.
This national leadership focuses on building success by building lasting relationships with employees and gaining motivation, job satisfaction, and work-life balance for their employees.
They still care about getting things done, but they believe that work culture is even more important.
Leaders who use this style focus on inspiring, supporting, and developing their employees. Relationship-based leaders also promote cooperation and teamwork by promoting communication and building positive relationships.
For these leaders, employee well-being is a top priority and as a result, they put the time and effort into meeting the personal needs of their employees.
One of the strengths of this leadership style is that these leaders create a team that wants to be part of all employees.
Members of this team are often more productive and willing to take risks because they understand that they will get support from the leader when needed.
Another strength is that employees are in an environment where they know their leader cares about welfare.
These leaders know that a positive environment for workplace productivity needs to be created where employees are motivated.
As a result, these leaders prioritize people to ensure that issues such as personal conflicts, dissatisfaction, and turnover are minimized.
One weakness of this style of leadership is that teams can get in the way of completing tasks that are focused on building spirit and reaching goals. Some leaders can put their team development work on hold.
Over the years, studies have been conducted to determine if one type is better than another, but in each situation, no one’s behavior is conducive to the success of the leader.
The dynamic nature of leadership determines that when a leader is effective, they should be able to balance both types of leadership styles that should be implemented in response to a particular situation.
This involves a bit of self-awareness, making sure you know what style you are under and if you need to change your style for a specific situation.
For example, if you are task-oriented you need to be soft, it can be difficult but it is very important.
Start by trying to listen to your ‘soft’ skills such as. Relationship-based leaders need to do the opposite and make it harder.
This can be through further decision making and quality assessment.
The downside of relationship-based leadership is that, if taken too far, the development of team chemistry can derail actual work and goals.
The term “people-oriented” is used synonymously, although, in business, this approach may be termed “employee-oriented.”
Task-oriented vs. relationship-oriented leadership
In the 1940s, research on leadership identified the distinctive characteristics of leadership, beginning to shy away from analyzing the effects of specific behaviors on leadership – mainly leadership and relationship-oriented leadership.
A common finding is that relationship-based leadership will create greater cohesion between groups, as will learning larger groups.
It is also supported that the relationship between leadership-based leadership has a different effect on the individual, and on self-efficacy. Has a positive effect.