First of all we have to realize how we learned our first language? It will ease us a simple process without much worry.How to learn a second language?
First language grabbing
Gradually we grew up. When we were babies, we used to learn our first language by immersion, listening and mimicking every single day, yes, every single day.
As a grown up, we saw, felt, listened, touched and grasped many things gradually.
We applied our audio visual experience to reflect our learning in our brain.
All we did was to listen, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and we are still learning our first language.
What about grammar?
Did we receive a grammar lesson from anyone? Apparently, the answer is No.
We didn’t study grammar books at the beginning of our learning.
In fact the grammar seemed very difficult to us (at least to me, really!). We continuously connected verbs. Recalled numerous vocabulary. We did many mistakes but didn’t count every time we made a mistake. We learned through mistakes. So, we could learned it so well as we are now.
More or less, the similar process is to replicate now in case of acquiring the second one.
Language learning phases
The process to learn a second language comprises of the same four phases, or say for separate interlinked skills – reading, writing, listening and speaking – which are again linked to thousands of separate, yet linked facts – alphabets, grammar rules, vocabulary words, pronunciation rules, spelling, accents, tones, etc. Let’s start all these with fun.
We will be going apply the experience of learning our mother language with lot of fun in case of second as well using the following set of skills:
There are many tips on how to attain listening and speaking skills for learning the second language. Let’s dive deeper. Let’s make things much easier. Incorporate fun in the learning process.
Let’s give an example: consider driving!
Every time we start a new vehicle, we have to learn the controls to operate and drive. Think about bicycle. The first time we drive, it takes a while to learn the controls. The next time when we learn driving a motorbike, it seems easier since there are many similarities.
Now, let’s think back to how training centers teach us the controls of the bicycle. They give us just enough hands on training so that we can at least start riding. That was our goal: to drive a bicycle.
Now, let’s think if this driving taught us how to drive the way languages are traditionally taught in the schools. They would have you practice paddling for half an hour. Next job is to wearing helmet. Then knowing traffic rules. Then tomorrow, more paddling and then more traffic rules. Finally the next day… I am sure you get the point.
To learn a second language is similar to this example. Our primary objective was to speak, not to conjugate, or memorize. Therefore, the quicker we will be able to speak, the better.
So the quicker we get to speak, the quicker we will be having fun. And when we will be having fun, we won’t quit. So, if we don’t quit in the middle, we are going to learn. Its sure, this process will enable you to learn faster than the traditional boring methods. It is the way out to learn a second language.
Learn a second language naturally
Grammar is obviously important. So, we will be require it. We cannot have a deeper drive in a language without properly knowing it.
Now, let’s consider how we usually learn grammar traditionally in the childhood. It is a way to just give names, definition and categories to things we already knew.
Everyone of us learned grammar in a natural way only by hearing it, at the outset of our learning.
The same process is to be applicable for Vocabulary of the second language acquisition. We hear words in context and guess their meanings considering their concepts drawn in mind.
As learners, we are continuously going through this practice even in your native language.
In the childhood, we were not taught to drill into us the right way to apply, do, did, done, going. Our parents didn’t stick to us continuously pointing finger at objects mentioning their names. Yet, we learned it naturally before entering school.
Learning from experience
We learned all the required elements of grammar and collected preliminary vocabulary by our experience and repetition by listening and speaking.